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Some Deeper Insights Delving deeper into later Egyptian Theology

#1 User is offline   THUTMOSE TUTANKHAMUN 

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Posted 18 May 2011 - 08:09 PM

This comes from a post on my blog,

(everything in quotes is from Wikipedia and the rest is my commentary)


Tahuti (Thoth), Mercury, or Hermes is the Child. In the conception of Egyptian theology where Ra is the supreme God and all others are manifestations of him, Thoth (or 'Tehuti') is the mind of God; he represents, in bodily terms, the tongue and the heart... The Heart is the abode of the soul, or what might be termed 'raw consciousness,' i.e. feeling, emotion, spirit. While the tongue is the representation, of 'The Mind,' as the tongue is the instrument of language, the substance of mind; the tongue (and thus, in many ways, speech it's self) is the physical manifestation of 'the mind.' This sort of theology comes from the later period of Ancient Egyptian history around the time that 'Amun' or 'Amun-Ra' came to prominence, and was then the usual form of 'Ra'... Amun, of whom it is said...

"Whilst remaining hypostatic, Amun represented the essential and hidden, whilst in Ra he represented revealed divinity. As the creator deity "par excellence", he was the champion of the poor and central to personal piety. Amun was self created, without mother and father, and during the New Kingdom he became the greatest expression of transcendental deity in Egyptian theology. He was not considered to beimmanent within creation nor was creation seen as an extension of himself. Amun-Ra did not physically engender the universe. His position as King of Gods developed to the point of virtual monotheism where other gods became manifestations of him."

In other words, Amun-Ra (the merging of Ra or 'Ra-Herakty' and Amun), the 'Godhead,' with Amun as the, as it said, "essential and hidden..." The most absolute, supreme, essential... deepest and most mysterious being of 'God...' God's 'inner self.' And, as it says, isolated, completely separate from the 'universe...' His existence is his alone, unto himself only, having no direct contact or interaction with manifest reality (he is also called Vishvakarman by the Vedics)... Whereas, Ra (or the Brahman's Vishnu) is his glory, his parallel, his manifest self [he did not so much "create" Ra/the 'World,' he decreed it; he created, and eternally creates himself and decreed the manifestation of a mirror existence to his own. That mirror existence is Thoth (or Brahma) himself... Amun, Vishvakarman (the Divine Architect and most ancient and supreme God of Vedic tradition), Yahweh, 'The Most High'... God's only desire, is to be 'real,' in a sense, to have an image, to have beauty, to have mystery, to have ignorant bliss instead of meticulous pain and lonely insanity, to be challenged, to have Joy! These are the reasons for human existence and Thoth is the ultimate basis of that existence and yet, is the one who retains that, the ghostliest 'only' of true connections to 'the Father...' There is a 'Trinity' which is the Son yet also the Father. Thoth is the Fatherly aspect, Ra-Horus is the Child, 'the Son' within 'the Son,' or, 'the Youthful Adult,' and Osiris is the 'Holy Spirit,' Change, Transformation, exemplified in Love (yet love which turns to Wrath upon it's desecration); Exemplified in Ra...! Understood most completely, and guarded, by Thoth, supported and upheld in this, by Amun, who has remained 'without,' ever at work, "Sacrificing himself to himself" (as is said of Vishvakarman)... And therein lies the mystery of existence and of salvation, of the crucifixion; God ever has and ever will take the pain so that you may be his Joy!]... his face (and adornments)... His 'persona,' if you like... Ra is all of Manifest Reality, while Amun is the inner, true being behind the mask, behind the skin, behind the flesh. Now, since Amun does not reside within 'Manifest Reality,' and has, in a sense, "no direct contact with it," Thoth or Djehuty is the manifest mirror of Amun. Thus, he, coupled with Osiris is, in actuality, the ultimate deity, the supreme God, with (as I've said) Ra as the outer persona and the other two as the true self, or inward nature.

... Here are some further words on Thoth from the more polytheistic view of Ancient Egytian theology/mythology:

"His roles in Egyptian mythology were many. Thoth served as a mediating power, especially between good and evil, making sure neither had a decisive victory over the other. He also served as scribe of the gods,[30] credited with the invention of writing and alphabets (i.e. hieroglyphs) themselves. In the underworld, Duat, he appeared as an ape, A'an, the god of equilibrium, who reported when the scales weighing the deceased's heart against the feather, representing the principle of Ma'at, was exactly even.
The ancient Egyptians regarded Thoth as One, self-begotten, and self-produced. He was the master of both physical and moral (i.e. Divine) law, making proper use of Ma'at. He is credited with making the calculations for the establishment of the heavens, stars, Earth, and everything in them. Compare this to how his feminine counterpart, Ma'at was the force which maintained the Universe. He is said to direct the motions of the heavenly bodies. Without his words, the Egyptians believed, the gods would not exist. His power was unlimited in the Underworld and rivaled that of Ra and Osiris.
The Egyptians credited him as the author of all works of science, religion, philosophy, and magic. The Greeks further declared him the inventor of astronomy, astrology, the science of numbers, mathematics,geometry, land surveying, medicine, botany, theology, civilized government, the alphabet, reading, writing, and oratory. They further claimed he was the true author of every work of every branch of knowledge, human and divine."
[... in the polytheistic view, the male and female are separated, whereas, in the more panentheistic/henotheistic view, Ma'at would simply be a name given to the more feminine qualities of Thoth, or the 'feminine side of his being;' thus in the polytheistic view, Thoth would correspond to the tongue only and Ma'at, the heart.]
"Thoth has been depicted in many ways depending on the era and on the aspect the artist wished to convey. Usually, he is depicted in his human form with the head of an ibis. In this form, he can be represented as the reckoner of times and seasons by a headdress of the lunar disk sitting on top of a crescent moon resting on his head.
Sometimes he was also seen in art to be wearing the Atef crown or the United Crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt. When not depicted in this common form, he sometimes takes the form of the ibis directly. He also appears as a dog faced baboon or a man with the head of a baboon when he is A'an, the god of equilibrium. These forms are all symbolic and are metaphors for Thoth's attributes. The Egyptians did not believe these gods actually looked like humans with animal heads. For example, Ma'at is often depicted with an ostrich feather, "the feather of truth," on her head, or with a feather for a head."
"Djehuty is sometimes alternatively rendered as Jehuti, Tahuti, Tehuti, Zehuti, Techu, or Tetu. Thoth (also Thot or Thout) is the Greek version derived from the letters ḏḥwty. Not counting differences in spelling, Thoth had many names and titles, like other goddesses and gods. Similarly, each Pharaoh, considered a god himself, had five different names used in public. Among his alternate names are A, Sheps, Lord of Khemennu, Asten, Khenti, Mehi, Hab, and A'an. In addition, Thoth was also known by specific aspects of himself, for instance the moon god Iah-Djehuty, representing the moon for the entire month, or as jt-nṯr "god father". Further, the Greeks related Thoth to their god Hermes due to his similar attributes and functions. One of Thoth's titles, "Three times great, great" (see Titles) was translated to the Greek τρισμεγιστος (Trismegistos) making Hermes Trismegistus."

Thoth, like many Egyptian gods and nobility, held many titles. Among these were "Scribe of Ma'at in the Company of the Gods," "Lord of Ma'at," "Lord of Divine Words," "Judge of the Two Combatant Gods," "Judge of the Rekhekhui, the pacifier of the Gods, who Dwelleth in Unnu, the Great God in the Temple of Abtiti," "Twice Great," "Thrice Great," " and "Three Times Great."
... And Amun:

"In the Leydon hymns, Amun, Ptah, and Re are regarded as a trinity who are distinct gods but with unity in plurality. "The three gods are one yet the Egyptian elsewhere insists on the separate identity of each of the three." This unity in plurality is expressed in one text: "All gods are three: Amun, Re and Ptah, whom none equals. He who hides his name as Amun, he appears to the face as Re, his body is Ptah." The hidden aspect of Amun and his likely association with the wind caused Henri Frankfort to draw parallels with a passage from the Gospel of John: "The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but do not know where it comes from and where it is going."[John 3:8] A Leydon hymn to Amun describes how he calms stormy seas for the troubled sailor:
The tempest moves aside for the sailor who remembers the name of Amon. The storm becomes a sweet breeze for he who invokes His name... Amon is more effective than millions for he who places Him in his heart. Thanks to Him the single man becomes stronger than a crowd.
... As anyone who has studied Ancient Egyptian mythology should know, there were often different, yet parallel, regional myths and gods that, though having different names, were basically different regional versions of the same things... This is part of why many Gods and their myths were subsumed and absorbed by later, more centralized and universal deities. Ptah and Atem who he created, are aspects of Amun (Thoth) and Ra respectively. It would be most proper to put them in their place and count them as such, thereby not including them in this 'Trinity' and instead, replace Ptah with Osiris (as I mentioned earlier). Thus, it would be,

"All Gods are One in Three: He who hides his name (and thus, i.e., his nature) as Amun, he appears to the face as Ra (i.e. the body, or, especially the 'physical world,' the most manifest, concrete (real) and overt aspect of 'manifest reality'), his spirit is, the motion of his life, the substance of Existence, the essence of time... Osiris."

To get the whole story, visit my blog,

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